Semmering Railway

The Semmering Railway in Austria was built from 1848 to 1854 to connect the Hapsburg Empire’s capital of Vienna with the port city of Trieste on the Adriatic Sea. The line was one of the first mountain railways in the world and retains much of its original stonework. It received UNESCO World Heritage status in 1998, one of only three railways in the world so designated. As of the early 2020s, it is an artery of Europe, hosting close to 200 freight and passenger trains on a typical day, but it is scheduled to be replaced by a base tunnel in 2027. My photographs come from a six-day visit in May 2016.